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October in Aviation History



On October 2, 1918, the Kettering Bug, an experimental unmanned “Flying Bomb”, made it’s first flight at McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio. The prototype was completed and delivered to the Aviation Section of the U.S. Army Signal Corps in 1918, near the end of World War I. The first flight was a failure, but subsequent flights were successful, and the aircraft was demonstrated to Army personnel at Dayton.

The air craft was designed by inventor Charles F. Kettering of Dayton and built by the Dayton-Wright Airplane Company with Orville Wright acting as a consultant on the project. Elmer Sperry designed the control and guidance system. It was powered by a 40 horsepower engine and was built with wood laminates and papier-mâché, with cardboard wings. Take off was acheived with a dolly and track system such as used by the Wright Brothers in their first powered flights. The Bug used a system of gyroscopic, pneumatic/vaccum and an aneroid barometer/altimeter to guide it. The distance of the target was factored with wind along the path, and the number of engine revolutions were calculated to switch off the engine, drop the wings, and enter a ballistic trajectory to the target. Forty-five Bugs were produced but the war ended before they were put into combat. The aircraft and its technology remained a secret until World War II.

A full-size reproduction of a Bug is on permanent display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio (see museum photo above).

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For more see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kettering_Bug


Location

Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park 

16 S. Williams St., Dayton, OH 45402

Visitor Center:

For details and seasonal date schedules see https://www.nps.gov/daav/planyourvisit/hours.htm

or please call (937) 225-7705 for the current park schedule.

Parking:

From W. Third St., turn south on Williams St and then turn left on Fourth St. Go 1/2 block and turn left into the Visitor Center parking area.

CLICK HERE for a parking map.

See the Visitor Center page for details on hours.

Travel Note - Third St. Bridge closure:

The Third Street Bridge will be CLOSED beginning Jan. 1, 2020 until approximately Oct. 2021. Visitors can use the Fifth St. Bridge or the Salem Ave. Bridge as detours from downtown Dayton. A file with more detailed instructions for visitors traveling from the north or south via I-75, or from the east and west via US35 can be downloaded by CLICKING HERE.

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- In Partnership with the National Park Service

 

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